Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) seem to be the hot topic for the week with Lady Gaga admitting to her battles with it and locally an injured cyclist gets $8.65m in damages. Ms Siew suffered minor physical injuries, but her post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was so serious that she has been warded for the past two years.
We thought we should share 8 interesting facts about PTSD that you may or may not know;
1. There are 8 common symptoms to PTSD.
i. A PTSD client may re-experience the traumatic event. This includes upsetting memories, flashbacks and nightmares.
ii. They may also be avoiding reminders of the trauma. Disengage in activities, places or thoughts that remind them of the trauma.
iii. They are highly likely to increase anxiety and emotional arousal; leading to trouble sleeping, irritability and hyper vigilance, etc.
iv. They often develop feelings of Guilt, shame, or self-blame
v. Feelings of mistrust and betrayal are also common.
vi. Co-morbid symptoms such as Depression, suicidal tendencies and hopelessness are also common.
vii. The risk of substance abuse increases significantly with PTSD.
viii. PTSD often do manifest as physical aches and pains too.
2. In general, women are twice as likely as men to experience PTSD at some point in their lifetime.
3. Social support is one of the greatest protective factors against developing PTSD after trauma. Research suggests that social support is an even more important resilience factor for women than men.
4. Having PTSD does not mean one is “crazy” neither does it cause someone to be violent.
5. No matter how long it’s been since the trauma developed, treatment can help. Some therapies includes; Trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy, Family therapy, Medication and EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing).
6. Recent research highlights that variations in a number of genes may be risk factors for developing PTSD after trauma. PTSD innately is the result of biological and physiological mechanisms and not a sign of weakness. **
7. June 27 is PTSD Awareness Day.
8. With treatment, majority of people do recover completely from PTSD.
There is also increasing evidence that many of which do often emerge with a greater appreciation of life, an increased sense of personal strength, and/or a deepened spiritual life.
Empower yourself with this knowledge.
Jonathan I. Bisson (2016) “Post-traumatic stress disorder” Occup Med (Lond) (2007) 57 (6): 399-403
Schumm, J. A., Briggs-Phillips, M. and Hobfoll, S. E. (2006) “Cumulative interpersonal traumas and social support as risk and resiliency factors in predicting PTSD and depression among inner-city women.” J. Traum. Stress, 19: 825–836.
Rachel Yehuda, Karestan C. Koenen, Sandro Galea, and Janine D. Flory, (2011) “The Role of Genes in Defining a Molecular Biology of PTSD,” Disease Markers, vol. 30, no. 2-3, pp. 67-76